The best english story for kid Few person’s on this list have earned such enduring fame as the great Greek gemeter, Euclid, Although in their lifetimes,such figurnes as Napoleon ,english story for kid Alexander the great,and Martin Luther were much better Known than Euclid ,in the long run his fame will probably well out last theirs . Despite his renown almost none of the details of Euclid’s life are known .We do know that he was active as a teacher in Alexandria, Egypt ,in about 300 B.C . english story for kid However, his dates of birth and death are uncertain ,and we do not ever know on which continent he was born ,much less in which city.english story for kid Although he wrote several other book ,some of which survive ,
his place in history rests primarily upon his great textbook of geometry ,the elements .The importance of the elements does not lie in any one of the individual meorems it dekonstrates . Almost all of the theorems in the book had been known before Euclid,any a good many of the proofs as 2elk .english story for kid Euclid great contribution was his arrangements of the material,and his formulation of the overall plan of the book.The involved ,in the first place,the selection of a set of axioms and postulates .He then carefully arranged the theorem’s so that each followed logically from its predecessor.Where necessarily from its predecessors.
Where necessary ,he supplied missing steps and developed missing proofs .it is worth noting that the elements, while primarily a development of plane and solid geometry also contains large sections on algebra and number theory .The elements has been used as a textbook for more than two most thousand years,and is uniquestionably the most successful textbook ever written.so superbly did Euclid do his work ,that with the appearance of this book all proorgenetry textbooks were superseded and promptly forgotten.Originally written in Greek ,the elements has since been translated into many other languages .the first printed edition appeared as early as 1482,only about thirty years after Gutenberg invention of printing.since then ,well over published .As an agent for training men’s minds in nature of logical reasoning,the elements has been far more influential than any of a Aristotle’s treatises on logic.it is the outstanding example of a complete deductive structure and as such has fascinated great thinkers ever since it’s creation .it is fair to say that Euclid book was a significant factor in the rise of modern science.science is more than just a collection of accurate observation and sheud generalization .The great achievement of modern scieny come from a combination of emprismand experimentation on the one hand ,and careful analysis and deductive reaoning on the other .
we are not certain just why science arose in Europe rather than in China ,but it is safe to assume that it was not merely by chance, certainly ,the roles played by such brilliant figures as Newton , galileo and Copernicus were underlying reasons why men such as these flourished in euy perhaps the most obvious historical factors predisposing Europe to science was Greek rationalism ,along with the mathematical knowledge that the Greeks had bequeath to western Europe.It is Worth nothing that china although for centuries it’s technology was more advanced than that of Europe never possessed the theoretical structure of mathematics that the west did.
There was no Chinese mathematical corresponding to Euclid .The Chinese had a good knowledge of practical geometry ,but their geometric knowledge was never reformulated into a dedicated schemes .To the Europeans ,the idea that there were a few basic physical principle from which everything else could be deducted seemed quite natural for they had the example of Euclid before them.(In general, Europeans did not consider the geometry of Euclid’s postulates and therefore his theorems were actually true of the real world).The influence of Euclid on sir Isaac Newton is particularly obvious ,since Newton wrote his great the principle ,I’m a geometric”from similar to that of the elements.Various other scientists have attempted to emulate Euclid by showing how all their conclusion could be logically derived from small number of inrtial assumption ,so have famous mathematician such as Russel and Whitechad ,and philosopher such as Spinoza.Today ,mathernaticians have come to understand that Euclid gemetry is not the only self consistent geometrial system which can be devised ,and during the last 150years many non Euclid’s geometries have been constructed .indeed since Einstein’s general theory of relativity has been accepted scientists have realized the Euclid Dean geometry dose not always hold true in the real universe .in the vicinity of black holes and neutrons Stars ,
for example where the gravitational fields are very intense , Euclid’s geometry does not give an accurate picture of the world ,nor does it appears to be a correct deseription of the universe as awhile . However,these instances are rather special ,in most cases Euclid’s work providers Avery close approximation reality .These recent advanced in human knowledge ,in any ease ,do not detract either Euclid’s intellectual achievement on from his historical importance.