in english story Mao tse_Tung led the communist party to power in China,and for the next twenty seven years presided over the most remarkable and for reaching trans formation in the history of that vast nation.Mao Tse_tung was born in 1893,in the village of shaoshan ,in english story human province china.His Father was a pleasant who had become fairly wealthy.In 1911,when no was an eighteen years old student a revolution broke out against the decaying ch’ing dynasty,in english story which had ruled china since the seventeenth century within after months the imperial government was overthrown and china declared a republic.in english story Unfortunately ,the leaders of the revolution were unable to establish a stable,
in english story unified government in China ;and the revolution inaugurated a long period of instability and civil war,one which lasted infact untill 1919.as a young man ,Mao became steadily more leftist in his political ideas ,and by 1920,he was a confirmed Marxist .In 1921he was one of the twelve krginl founders of the communist party of china.However,his climb to the top of the party leadership was rather slow,and it was not until 1935that he became the leaders of the party . Meanwhile ,the Communist party of china was engaged in a long ,slow and quite unsteady path to power .The party suffered major setbacks in 1927 and in 1934 but managed to survive that after 1935,
under Mao’s leadership the parts strength steadily increased By 1947,it was ready for all out war against the nationalist government readed by china kal_shek .In 1949,their force were Viet orious,and the communist agained complete control of the Chinese maintained.The china that Mao,as head of the party,now came to governed had been torn apart by war for the better part of thirty eight years .China was a poverty stricken,underdeveloped country,whose tecming , tradition bound millions were mainly illiterate peasants.Mao himself was fifty six years old ,and it appeared that the bulk of his career was behind him.In fact, however,the period of Mao’s policies had completely trans formed china,one aspect of this specifically ,there was a general modernization of the country . specifically there was a general medernization of the country.specifically,
there was a rapid industrialization and enormous increase in public health .These changes, though obviously very important ,are of a sort tht occurred in quite a few other countries during the same period ,and they alone world not be sufficient to justify Mao’s high place on this list,A second accomplished of the communist government in China was the transformation of the economic system of the country from capitalism to socialism . politically ,of course ,a truthletotalitarian system was installed.Furthermore,by making use of ceaseless government propaganda, Mao succeeded in engineering not merely a political and economic revolution,but a social one as well.over the past quarter century,there has been a considerable shift of loyalties in China away from the family and toward the nation as a whole .This shift is particularly stinking since, historically ,
family loyalties have always been particularly strong among the Chinese people.Furthermore,the Chinese government has waged strong propaganda campaign against the ideas of confucius,and it appears to have met with a very considerable measure of success.of course ,it was not Mao Tse_Tung alone who determined the polices of the communist government .He policies of the communist government .he never exercised the sort of one man controlthat Stalin did in the Soviet Union.Nevertheless ,it is clean that Mao Tse_Tung was by for the most important figure in the Chinese government from 1949 untill his death in 1976.One project for which he seems to bearchif responsibility was the “great leap forward “of the late 1950s.Many observes think taht project,which include an emphasis on small-scale ,labor intensive production methods ,which could be Carried out on the rural commune ,was a failure (In my event ,it was eventually abandoned.) Another project which Mao supported ,over the opposition of various other Chinese leaders,was the “great proletarian oil rural revolution”of the late 1960s.This was a major upheaval in some Sense almost a civil marbetween,
,Mao and his supportey on the one hand ,and the entrancehed communist party burcaueray on the other.it is interesting to note that Mao was already in his mid sixties when he “great leap forward”began,was well last seventy when the cultural revolution was instituted ,and was almost eight when the rapprochement with the United States commenced .Mao had originally believed that the industrial workers of the cities would provide the strongest base of support for the communist party ,an idea which was in accordance with Marx’s own thinking .However.abkut 192 s Mao came to the conclusion that at least in China,the party ‘s main support would come from the peasantry .He acted according,and during the long power struggle with the nationalist Mao’s power base was always in the country side .the idea was carried over during his years as head of state .For example whereas Stalin ,in Russia, usually stressed industrial development,Mao,Tse_tung generally paid more attention to agriculture and rural development.Nevertheless, China’s industrial production increased dramatically under Mao’s leadership.It is always a bit difficult to assess the long term importance of a cortemporary political figure.To astumate where Mao should appear om this list ,it may other outstanding leaders ,Mao Tse_Tung has been ranked come what above George Washington because the internal change for which Mao was responsible seen to be more fundamental than those made by Washington .Mao also ranks comfortably ahead of such men as Napoleon,ititler ,and Alexander the great because it seems probable that his long term influence will be considerably greater than theirs.Another obvious comparison is between Mao and Lenin Mao ruled for a far longer time populous country.(In fact taking into account the leangth of his time in power ,Mao ruled over far more persons than did any other man in his history)But Lenin preceded and strongly in flinched Mao,and by establishing communism in Russia,
he did much to prepare the way for the subsequent establishment of communism in China .The man whose accomplishments most closely parallel those of Mao is shih Huang Ti both were Chinese ,and both were the architect of a revolutionary set the architects of a revolutionary set of Chinese in their country.Shih Huang Ti has been ranked ahead of Mao because we know that the formers influence on china endured for some twenty two centries . Though the change wrought by Mao may be even more significant in the long run ,we cannot yet be certain how long his influence will endure.