The best english story in Augustus Caesar,the founder of the Roman empire,is one of the great pivotal figures in history .He ended the civil wars that has disrupted the Roman republic during the first century B.Cand he reorganized the Roman government so that internal peace prosperity were maintain for two centuries Gaius octavitus (better known as Octa vian,english story in he did not receive the title”Augustus”untill he was thirty five years old)was born in 63B.C.He was the grandnephew of Julius Caesar,who was the leading political figure of Rome during octavuans youth.Julius Caesar,english story in who had no sons of his own ,liked the youth ,and helped prepare him for a political career.However,which Caesar was assassinated bin 44 B.C; Octavian was was only an eighteen years old student.The death of Caesar set off along and bitter struggle for power for power between various Roman military and political figures .english story in At first his rivals,who were all men of long experience in the rough arena of Roman polities did not consider the youthful Octavian a senious threat .Indeed ,the young man’s only visible asset was that Julius Caesar had adopted him as his son .by making skillful use of this advantage .Octavian managed to win the support of some of caesits legion’s .Many of Caeser s troop,
however english story in ,chose to support mark Antony , who had been one of gaesars closert associates.A series of battles over the next few years eliminated all the other contestants for power ;by 36 B.C,Rome and the many divided territories she had already conquered ,where divided between mark Antony,who controlled the Eastern portion,and Octavian,who controlled the west .For a few years there was an uneasy Truee between them.During that time , Antony bseems to have paid too much attention to his romance with Cleopatra,while octavuans steadily imporoved his position war broke out between the two men in 32 A .C and the issue was won by octavians forces.The following years,the war ended with the complete triumph of Octavian and Antony and Cleopatra both committed suicide.Octavian had now achieved the some position of power taht Julius Caesar had attained fifteen years carlier . Caesar had been assassinated ,because it had been obvious that he intended to end Republican government in Rome and set himself up as amonarch .But by 30 B.C after many years of civil war and the obvious failure of Republican government in Rome most Roman were willing to accept a benevolent despot as long as the pretense of democratic rule was continued octavin thought he had been ruthless during his fight to the top,was surprisingly conciliatory once he was established in power.In 27 B.C t.sootg senatorial feelings he announced that he was restoring the his government posts.In fact however,he retained his position as head of the province of Spain ,
gaul and Syria.Since the majority of Roman troops were in these three provinces,the actual power was securely in his hands .The Senate voted him the honorific title of Augustus,but he never assumed the title of king.In theory ,Rome was still a republic ,and Augustus was no more than lrinceps (first citizen).In actual practice, the grateful and docile sente appointed Augustus to whatever positions he chose, and for the reminder of his life he was effectively adictator .By completed thotransition from republic to monarchy and his adopted so succeded him without difficult Augustus stands out as perhaps the best example in history of a capable benevolent despot .He was a true statesman whose conciliatory policies did much to heal the deep divisions resulting from the Roman civil wars.Augustus reled Down for over forty years,and his policies influence the empire for many years to come,
Under him ,Rome armics completed the conquest of the Balkans .By the end of his rule of the northern boundary of the empire was not much different from the Rome . Danubeline which was to be the northern border for most of the next few centuries.augustus was an extraordinary able administration and played a mojor role in building capable civil service .He revised the tax structure and financial system of the Roman state;he reorganized the Roman army ;and he established a permanent havey.
He also organized a personal bodyguard the practitioner guard ,which in future centuries was to play a great role in selection and deposing emperor’s.Under Auguest a extensive network of excellence roads was constructed throughout the Roman empire,many public building were erected in Rome itself;and the city was greatly beautified.Temples were constructed and Augustus encouraged observance of and loyalty to the old Roman religion.Laws were passed encouraging marriage and the raising of children.From 30 B.C on ,Rome had internal peace under Augustus.The natural result was a greatly in crested prosperity .This ,in trunk,led to a great flourishing of the arts,and the Augustine age was the golden age of Roman literature.Homes greatest poet.virgil,lived during this period,s did many other writers.Including Horace and livy.Ovid in curred the displeased of Augustus and was banished from Rome .
Augustus had no sons and a nephew and two grandsons died before him he therefore adopted his stepson, Tiberius,and designated him his successor .But the dynasty (which later I’m clude the infamous rulers Caligula and Nero)Soon became extinet. Neverless ,the period of internal peace that commenced with Augustus the so called pax Romana,was to endure for some two hundred years.Durimg this extended period of peace and prosperity .Roman cultural was suffused decply into the territories that Augustus ND other Roman empire is the most celebrated empire of antiquity,and rightly so .For Rome was both the culmination of ancient civilization and the principle conduit by which the ideas and cultural achievement of the people of the ancient world (Egyptians, Babylonians, Jews,
Grees,and other)have been transmitted to western Europe.It is interesting to compare Augustus with his grandunels, Julius Caesar .Despite Augustus good looks, intelligence, strength of character,and military success,he lacked his predecessor charisma.julius excited the imagination of his contemporaries far more than Augustus did ,and he has remained more famous ever since.In their actual influence upon history, however, Augustus was by far the more important of the two .It is also interesting to empire Augustus with Alexander the great both started their careers when quite young .But Augustus had to overcome much tougher competition in order to reach the top .his military ability was not as exceptional as Alexander ,but it was certainly impressive,and his conquests were to prove much more enduring that in fact ,is the greatest difference between two men.
Augustus carefully but it for the future ,and as a result his long term influence on human history has been considerably larger.Augustus might also be compared with maotse Tung or with George Washington All three of them playt important (and somewhat analogues)roles in world history but in view of the length of Augustus rule ,the success of his policies and the importance of the Roman empire in world history.I believe that Augustus should be ranked higher than the other two.