legend story english Karl Marx, the principle originator of”scientific socialism”,was born in 1818,in the town of trier, Germany,His father was a lawyer and at seventeen Karl entered the university of Bonn to study law himself.Later, however he transferred to the university of beeline legend story english and he eventually was awarded a phd in philosophy from the University of jena.Marx then turned to journalism,and for a while he was the editor of the rheinische zeitung in cologne.But his radical political views soongot him into trouble,and he moved to Paris.There he met friendrich Engels and the close personal and political friendship they formed was to endure for the rest of their lives.Marx was soon expelled from France,and he then moved to Brussels.Itbwas there,in 1847,legend story english that he published his first significant work.The poverty of philosophy.The following year he and Engels co authored the communist manifesto, their most widely read work.later that year,Marx returned to cologne,but was expelled in a matter of months.He then moved to London where he spent the rest of his life.although he earned some many of a journalist,Marx spent the bulk of his time in London doing research and writing books on polities and economies.(During those years,Marx and his family were supported primanily by generous contributions from Engles.)The first Volume of das capital,Mary .s most important work , appeared in 1867.when Marx died ,in 1883,the other two volumes had not yet been completed;they were edited and published by Engels from the notes and manusripts that Marx left behind.Marxs writings from the theoretical basic of communism,and in view of the extraordinary growth of that movement in the twentieth century.It it clear that he deserves a high place on this list.The question is how high should be be ranked?A major factor in that decision is ones estimate of the importance of communism in the long term history of the world.Since the rise of communism in the long term history of the world.Since the rise of communism is a part of recent history ,it is hard to get an accurate perspective.However ,
thought one cannot be sure just how far communism will go and just how long it will last ,it should be apparent by now that the ideology is solidly entrenched,and will be a major influence in the world for at least a few centuries to come .At the presentiment, about one century after Marx death the number of persons who at least nominally adhere to Marxism is close to 1.3 billion.Thus is a greater number of adherents than any other ideology has had in the entire history of mankind not only in absolute number ,but also as a fraction of the total world population.This has led many communist,and some non communist as well ,legend story english to believe that the future may see the eventual worldwide trumph of Marxism.It is very different though,to extrapolate such trends into the future with confidence.There have been many ideologies which seemed very important during their heyday,but which eventually died out,(The religion founded by main is an interesting example.)Back in 1900,it second obvious that constitutional democracy was the wave of a future.
Hopefully ,that will eventually be the case,but few would say any longer that such an outcome is assured.Even if one acknowledges the enormous influence of communism in today’s world and in the future,one may still question the importance of Karl Marx himself within the communist movement.The actual policies of the Soviet government do not seem to be controlled by the work of Marx ,who wrote about such things as the hegelian dialectic and the surplus value of labor.Such theories seem to have little influence upon the present day foreign or domestic policy of the Soviet government present day communism stresses four main ideas(1)a few rich persons live in great wealth ,while most workers live in comparative poverty.(2)The way to rectify this injustice is to set up a socialist system that is ,a system where the means of production are owned by the government rather than by private individuals.(3)In most case ,the only practical way to establish this system is by a violent revolution,(4)to preserve this socialist system, the dictatorship of the communist party must be maintained for a considerable time.Each of the first three idea hade been clearly stated long before Marx.The fourth statement is derived in part from Marx’s idea of”the dictatorship of the proletariat at, however,the long duration of the present Soviet dictatorship is more a result of the practices of Lenin and stain than of the writing of Marx .It might therefore be claind that Marx’s influence on communism has been more nominal than real,and that the respect paid to his writing is mere window dressing,an attempt to claim “scientific”justification for ideas and policies that would have been adopted anyway .While there is some truth in such claims,they are surely much too extreme.Lenin, for example legend story english did not claimed to follow Marx teaching he had actually read them fully accept them,and believed that he was following them.The same is true of Mao Tse_tung and of many other communist leaders.
True Marx’s ideas may have been misunderstood or reinter.prected However,the same could be said for the ideas if Christ,Buddha ,or Muhammad.If all the main policies of the Chinese and Soviet government’s directly derived from the writing of Karl Marx he would be even higher on this list.It might be argued that Lenin, the practical state , deserves the principle eredit for making communism the basic political ideology of so much of the world.Such a view is not unreasonable;Lenin was certainly an extremely important figure.Nonetheless ,in my opinion Marx which writing so strongly influenced the writing of not only Lenin but of many other communist leaders as well was even more important.It is also debatable whether the credit for formulation of Marx theory should not be divided between Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.They worte the communist menifesto together,and Engles certainly had profound effect upon the final from of Das capital.Thouth cach case wrote several book in this own name, their intellectual collaboration was so close that their combined output could reasonably be great as a single join achievement.Indeed Marx and Engles are being treated as a join entry in this book, though listed under Marx’s name alone since he is generally (and I think rightly) considered to have been the dominant partner.Finally ,it has often been point out that the marxst theory of economical is badly in error.Certainly ,many of Marx specific predictions have truned out to be incorrect.For example he predicted that in calitalistie contries the working people would be come progressively poorer as time e on clearly this has not happened.Marx also predicted that middle class would be eliminated,with most of its members falling back into the proletariat,and only a few rising into the capitalist class.
Obviously,this has not happened either,He also seemed to believe that increased me chanization would diminish the profits of the capitalist, a prediction that is not only wrong ,but seems quiet foolish.Whether his economic theories are right or wrong.However ,has little to do with Marx influence.A philosophers importance lies not in the correctness big his viey,but in whether his ideas moves men to action. Judged on that basis,Marx was unquestionably of enormous importance.