the best urban legend around the world Genghis Khan,the great Mongol conqueror,was born About 1162.His father ,a petty ,urban legend around the world Mongol chieftain,named the boy temujin,after a defeated rival chieftain.When Temujn was nine ,his father was killed by members of a rival tribltribe,and for some years the surviving members of the family lived in constant danger and privation.this was an inspirations begining ,but temujins situation was to become a lot worse before it got better when he was a young man ,urban legend around the world he was captured in a raid by a rival tribe .To prevent his escaping,a wooden collar was placed around his neck .From this extremity of helplessness,as an illiterate prisoner in a primitive ,barren country, temujin rose to become the most powerful man in the world.His right we started when he managed to escape from his captors .urnam legend around the world He then aied himself with toghrit,
a friend of his father’s ans chieftain of one of the related tribes living in the area.There followed many years of internecine warfare among these various Mongol tribes in the course of which temujin gradually fought his way to the top.The tribesmen of Mongolia had long been known as skilled horsemen and fierce various Throughout history ,they had made sporadie radis into northern china urban legend around the world,
However, they had made sporadie raids into northern china . however, before the rise of temujin,the various tribes had always spent most of their energy in fighting cach other .By a combinational ability, temujin managed to weld all of these tribes together under his leadership ,and in 1206 an assembly of the Mongol chieftains proclaimed him Genghis Khan or the universul emperor.The formidable military machine tht Genghis Khan had assembled was then turned outward upon neighboring nations.He first attacked the Hsi Hsia state in northeastern china and the china empire in northern china.
while these battles were going on ,a dispute arose between Genghis Khan and the khwarczm shah Muhammad,who ruled a considerable empire in Persia and central Asia ,in 1219, Genghis led his armies against the khwarczm shah .Certral Asia and ecrsia were overrun ,mad the khwarczm shahs empire was completely destroyed.Whike other Mongol armies were attacking Russia Genghis Khan himself led a raid into Afghanistan and northern india .He returned to Mongolia in 1225, and died there in 1227.shortly before his death , Genghis Khan requested that his third son,ogadai be named to succeded him .It was a wise choice, for ogadai became a brilliant general in his own right under his leadership ,the Mongol armics continued to advance in China , completely overran Russia and advanced into europy.In 1241,
a serious of polish ,German and Hungarian armies were completely routed by the Mongols ,who advanced well past Budapest , However,in that years ogadai died and the Mongol armies withdrew from Europe never to return.There was a substantial interruption while the Mongol chieftains argued about the succession.However,under the next two Khans (Genghis grandsons,mangy Khan and kunka Khan)the Mongol advance in asi was resumed .By 1279, when kunkai Khan eompleate the conquest of china ,the Mongols ruled the largestland empire ,Russia ,and central Asia,in addition to Persia and most of southast at Asia ,
Their armies had raised successfully from Poland to northern India ,and Kublai Khan’s sovereignty was recognized in Korea,Tibet ,and parts of southeast Asia.An empire of this size given the primitive men’s of thansportation existing at the Mongol empire soonsplite up .But Mongol rule lasted for a long time I. Several of the successor states.The Mongols were expelled from most of china in 1368.In Russia ,however ,their rule lasted much longer.The golden horde,the name usually given to the Mongol kingdom set upon Russia by Genghis’s grandson Batu, endured untill 1783.other sons or grandson of Genghis established bynasties that ruled in central Asia,and in Persia.Both of these areas were conquered in the fourteenth century by timua (Tamerlane),Who was himself of Mongol blood ,and who claimed descent from Genghis.
Tamerlanes dynasty was finally brought to an end in the fifteenth century.However,even this was not the end of Mongol conquest and rule.Tamerlarnes great _great_grandson ,baber,invaded India,there to found the Mogul (Mongol) dynasty.The Mogul rulers,who eventually concurred Al most all of India, remained in power untill the mid eighteenth the century .In the course of history ,there has been a succession of men madmen,if you will who set to conquer,the world and who achieved a considerable measure of success .the most notable of these megalomaniacs were Alexander the great , Genghis Khan Napoleon Bonaparte ,and Adolf Hitler why do all four of these men rank so highly of this list?are not ideas ultimately more important than armies ?I would certainly agree that in the long run the pen is lighter than the sword .However,the short run matters,too .Each of these four men controlled such a large territory and population,and exerted such an enormous influence on the lives of their contemporary that they cannot be country dismissed as common bandits .Wly do I condslider Genghis Khan to be more important than the other three? Party,of course, because his influence extended over a larger terribly than any of the others .More importantly,his influence continued for a much longer time . Napoleon and hitlar were each defeated in their own life times ,and them comquretion were short lived . Thought Alexander armies ,were under eated at his death ,he had named no successor,and after his death his emir quickly broken up. Genghis Khan,however,had argenzied his conquers so we’ll,and his children and grandchildren were such able successor ,that the Mongols.Continued is rule large sections of asia for centuries after Genghis’s death.One indirect consequence of Genghis Khan careers deserve mention.The Mongol conquest by temporarily unifying most of Asia ,made the trade routes across Asia much safer than they had ever been in the past .This stimulated trade between china and Europe .
European tra_lers such as Marco Polo,were able to travel to china and bring back stories of its immense weay.the increased trade with the east and the increased interested in China ,were among the factors which eventually ide to the European voyage of exploration .One last point had Christopher Columbus,Simon boliver and Thomas Edison never lived ,other person’s would have discovered American ,liberated south America ,and invented the electric light.But if Genghis Khan had never lived ,it dose not seem likely that anything close to the enormous Mongol conquest of the thirteen century would have occurred .The Mongol tribes had never managed to unite before the thirteenth century ,and they never managed to unite again. He Genghis Khan , therefore , appears to have been one of the true prime mover’s in human history.